Table of Contents
Mbed OS 2 and Mbed OS 5
This is the handbook for Mbed OS 2. If you’re working with Mbed OS 5, please see the new handbook.
The USBMSD interface is used to emulate a mass storage device over USB. You can use this class to store or load data to and from a storage chip (SDcard, flash,...). This class implements the MSD protocol and calls pure virtual functions such as disk_initialize, disk_write or disk_read to interact with a storage chip. More information on how to use this class with your own chip can be found at the end of this document.
The USB connector should be attached to
- p31 (D+), p32 (D-) and GND for the LPC1768 and the LPC11U24
- The on-board USB connector of the FRDM-KL25Z
Hello World! with an SD card¶
The following program has been tested with a micro SD card(Transcend micro SD 1GB).
How to use USBMSD with your own chip ?¶
The USBMSD class implements the MSD protocol. It permits to access a memory chip (flash, sdcard,...) from a computer over USB. But this class doesn't work standalone, you need to subclass this class and define pure virtual functions which are called in USBMSD.
You have to inherit from USBMSD and define ALL the following pure virtual functions:
- virtual int disk_read(uint8_t * data, uint64_t block): function to read a block
- virtual int disk_write(const uint8_t * data, uint64_t block): function to write a block
- virtual int disk_initialize(): function to initialize the memory
- virtual uint64_t disk_sectors(): return the number of blocks
- virtual uint64_t disk_size(): return the memory size
- virtual int disk_status(): return the status of the storage chip (0: OK, 1: not initialized, 2: no medium in the drive, 4: write protection)
All functions names are compatible with the fat filesystem library. So you can imagine using your own class with USBMSD and the fat filesystem library in the same program. Just be careful because there are two different parts which will access the sd card. You can do a master/slave system using disk_status().
Once these functions defined, you can call connect() (at the end of the constructor of your class for instance) of USBMSD to connect your mass storage device. connect() will first call disk_status() to test the status of the disk. If disk_status() returns 1 (disk not initialized), then disk_initialize() is called. After this step, connect() will collect information such as the number of blocks and the memory size.
A class example which inherits from USBMSD has been developed in order to access an SD card. You can follow this example and write your own class to access your storage chip.