Simple library for interfacing to Nokia 5110 LCD display (as found on the SparkFun website). Created by Craig A. Evans, University of Leeds.

Fork of N5110 by Craig Evans



File content as of revision 19:1af393359298:

@file N5110.h

@brief Header file containing member functions and variables


#ifndef N5110_H
#define N5110_H

// Command Bytes - taken from Chris Yan's library
// More information can be found in the display datasheet
// H = 0 - Basic instructions
#define CMD_DC_CLEAR_DISPLAY   0x08
#define CMD_DC_NORMAL_MODE     0x0C
#define CMD_DC_FILL_DISPLAY    0x09
#define CMD_DC_INVERT_VIDEO    0x0D
#define CMD_FS_VERTICAL_MODE   0x02
#define CMD_FS_BASIC_MODE      0x00
#define CMD_FS_EXTENDED_MODE   0x01
#define CMD_FS_ACTIVE_MODE     0x00
// H = 1 - Extended instructions
#define CMD_TC_TEMP_0          0x04
#define CMD_TC_TEMP_1          0x05
#define CMD_TC_TEMP_2          0x06
#define CMD_TC_TEMP_3          0x07
#define CMD_BI_MUX_24          0x15
#define CMD_BI_MUX_48          0x13
#define CMD_BI_MUX_100         0x10
#define CMD_VOP_6V06           0xB2
#define CMD_VOP_7V38           0xC8

// number of pixels on display
#define WIDTH 84
#define HEIGHT 48
#define BANKS 6

#include "mbed.h"

@brief Library for interfacing with Nokia 5110 LCD display ( using the hardware SPI on the mbed.
@brief The display is powered from a GPIO pin meaning it can be controlled via software.  The LED backlight is also software-controllable (via PWM pin).
@brief Can print characters and strings to the display using the included 5x7 font.
@brief The library also implements a screen buffer so that individual pixels on the display (84 x 48) can be set, cleared and read.
@brief The library can print primitive shapes (lines, circles, rectangles)
@brief Acknowledgements to Chris Yan's Nokia_5110 Library.

@brief Revision 1.2

@author Craig A. Evans
@date   17th March 2015
 * Example:
 * @code

#include "mbed.h"
#include "N5110.h"

N5110 lcd(p7,p8,p9,p10,p11,p13,p21);
// Can also power (VCC) directly from VOUT (3.3 V) -
// Can give better performance due to current limitation from GPIO pin

int main()
    // first need to initialise display

    while(1) {

        // these are default settings so not strictly needed
        lcd.normalMode();      // normal colour mode
        lcd.setBrightness(0.5); // put LED backlight on 50%

        // can directly print strings at specified co-ordinates
        lcd.printString("Hello, World!",0,0);

        char buffer[14];  // each character is 6 pixels wide, screen is 84 pixels (84/6 = 14)
        // so can display a string of a maximum 14 characters in length
        // or create formatted strings - ensure they aren't more than 14 characters long
        int temperature = 27;
        int length = sprintf(buffer,"T = %2d C",temperature); // print formatted data to buffer
        // it is important the format specifier ensures the length will fit in the buffer
        if (length <= 14)  // if string will fit on display
            lcd.printString(buffer,0,1);           // display on screen

        float pressure = 1012.3;  // same idea with floats
        length = sprintf(buffer,"P = %.2f mb",pressure);
        if (length <= 14)

        // can also print individual characters at specified place

        // draw a line across the display at y = 40 pixels (origin top-left)
        for (int i = 0; i < WIDTH; i++) {
        // need to refresh display after setting pixels

        // can also check status of pixels using getPixel(x,y)

        lcd.clear();            // clear display
        lcd.inverseMode();      // invert colours
        lcd.setBrightness(1.0); // put LED backlight on full

        float array[84];

        for (int i = 0; i < 84; i++) {
            array[i] = 0.5 + 0.5*sin(i*2*3.14/84);

        // can also plot graphs - 84 elements only
        // values must be in range 0.0 - 1.0
        lcd.normalMode();      // normal colour mode back
        lcd.setBrightness(0.5); // put LED backlight on 50%

        // example of drawing lines
        for (int x = 0; x < WIDTH ; x+=10) {
            // x0,y0,x1,y1,type 0-white,1-black,2-dotted


        // example of how to draw circles
        lcd.drawCircle(WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2,20,1);  // x,y,radius,black fill
        lcd.drawCircle(WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2,10,2);  // x,y,radius,white fill
        lcd.drawCircle(WIDTH/2,HEIGHT/2,30,0);  // x,y,radius,transparent with outline


        // example of how to draw rectangles
        //          origin x,y,width,height,type
        lcd.drawRect(10,10,50,30,1);  // filled black rectangle
        lcd.drawRect(15,15,20,10,2);  // filled white rectange (no outline)
        lcd.drawRect(2,2,70,40,0);    // transparent, just outline



 * @endcode
class N5110

    /** Create a N5110 object connected to the specified pins
    * @param pwr Pin connected to Vcc on the LCD display (pin 1)
    * @param sce Pin connected to chip enable (pin 3)
    * @param rst Pin connected to reset (pin 4)
    * @param dc  Pin connected to data/command select (pin 5)
    * @param mosi Pin connected to data input (MOSI) (pin 6)
    * @param sclk Pin connected to serial clock (SCLK) (pin 7)
    * @param led Pin connected to LED backlight (must be PWM) (pin 8)
    N5110(PinName pwrPin, PinName scePin, PinName rstPin, PinName dcPin, PinName mosiPin, PinName sclkPin, PinName ledPin);

    /** Initialise display
    *   Powers up the display and turns on backlight (50% brightness default).
    *   Sets the display up in horizontal addressing mode and with normal video mode.
    void init();

    /** Turn off
    *   Powers down the display and turns of the backlight.
    *   Needs to be reinitialised before being re-used.
    void turnOff();

    /** Clears
    *   Clears the screen.
    void clear();

    /** Turn on normal video mode (default)
    *  Black on white
    void normalMode();

    /** Turn on inverse video mode (default)
    *  White on black
    void inverseMode();

    /** Set Brightness
    *   Sets brightness of LED backlight.
    *   @param brightness - float in range 0.0 to 1.0
    void setBrightness(float brightness);

    /** Print String
    *   Prints a string of characters to the display. String is cut-off after the 83rd pixel.
    *   @param x - the column number (0 to 83)
    *   @param y - the row number (0 to 5) - the display is split into 6 banks - each bank can be considered a row
    void printString(const char * str,int x,int y);

    /** Print Character
    *   Sends a character to the display.  Printed at the specified location. Character is cut-off after the 83rd pixel.
    *   @param  c - the character to print. Can print ASCII as so printChar('C').
    *   @param x - the column number (0 to 83)
    *   @param y - the row number (0 to 5) - the display is split into 6 banks - each bank can be considered a row
    void printChar(char c,int x,int y);

    /** Set a Pixel
    *   This function sets a pixel in the display. A call to refresh() must be made
    *   to update the display to reflect the change in pixels.
    *   @param  x - the x co-ordinate of the pixel (0 to 83)
    *   @param  y - the y co-ordinate of the pixel (0 to 47)
    void setPixel(int x, int y);

    /** Clear a Pixel
    *   This function clears pixel in the display. A call to refresh() must be made
    *   to update the display to reflect the change in pixels.
    *   @param  x - the x co-ordinate of the pixel (0 to 83)
    *   @param  y - the y co-ordinate of the pixel (0 to 47)
    void clearPixel(int x, int y);

    /** Get a Pixel
    *   This function gets the status of a pixel in the display.
    *   @param  x - the x co-ordinate of the pixel (0 to 83)
    *   @param  y - the y co-ordinate of the pixel (0 to 47)
    *   @returns
    *       0           - pixel is clear
    *       non-zero    - pixel is set
    int getPixel(int x, int y);

    /** Refresh display
    *   This functions refreshes the display to reflect the current data in the buffer.
    void refresh();

    /** Randomise buffer
    *   This function fills the buffer with random data.  Can be used to test the display.
    *   A call to refresh() must be made to update the display to reflect the change in pixels.
    *   The seed is not set and so the generated pattern will probably be the same each time.
    *   TODO: Randomise the seed - maybe using the noise on the AnalogIn pins.
    void randomiseBuffer();

    /** Plot Array
    *   This function plots a one-dimensional array on the display.
    *   @param array[] - y values of the plot. Values should be normalised in the range 0.0 to 1.0. First 84 plotted.
    void plotArray(float array[]);

    /** Draw Circle
    *   This function draws a circle at the specified origin with specified radius to the display.
    *   Uses the midpoint circle algorithm.
    *   @see
    *   @param  x0 - x-coordinate of centre
    *   @param  y0 - y-coordinate of centre
    *   @param  radius - radius of circle in pixels
    *   @param  fill - 0 transparent (w/outline), 1 filled black, 2 filled white (wo/outline)
    void drawCircle(int x0,int y0,int radius,int fill);

    /** Draw Line
    *   This function draws a line between the specified points using linear interpolation.
    *   @param  x0 - x-coordinate of first point
    *   @param  y0 - y-coordinate of first point
    *   @param  x1 - x-coordinate of last point
    *   @param  y1 - y-coordinate of last point
    *   @param  type - 0 white,1 black,2 dotted
    void drawLine(int x0,int y0,int x1,int y1,int type);

    /** Draw Rectangle
    *   This function draws a rectangle.
    *   @param  x0 - x-coordinate of origin (top-left)
    *   @param  y0 - y-coordinate of origin (top-left)
    *   @param  width - width of rectangle
    *   @param  height - height of rectangle
    *   @param  fill - 0 transparent (w/outline), 1 filled black, 2 filled white (wo/outline)
    void drawRect(int x0,int y0,int width,int height,int fill);


    void setXYAddress(int x, int y);
    void initSPI();
    void turnOn();
    void reset();
    void clearRAM();
    void clearBuffer();
    void sendCommand(unsigned char command);
    void sendData(unsigned char data);

    unsigned char buffer[84][6];  // screen buffer - the 6 is for the banks - each one is 8 bits;

private:  // private variables
    SPI*    spi;
    PwmOut* led;
    DigitalOut* pwr;
    DigitalOut* sce;
    DigitalOut* rst;
    DigitalOut* dc;


const unsigned char font5x7[480] = {
    0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,// (space)
    0x00, 0x00, 0x5F, 0x00, 0x00,// !
    0x00, 0x07, 0x00, 0x07, 0x00,// "
    0x14, 0x7F, 0x14, 0x7F, 0x14,// #
    0x24, 0x2A, 0x7F, 0x2A, 0x12,// $
    0x23, 0x13, 0x08, 0x64, 0x62,// %
    0x36, 0x49, 0x55, 0x22, 0x50,// &
    0x00, 0x05, 0x03, 0x00, 0x00,// '
    0x00, 0x1C, 0x22, 0x41, 0x00,// (
    0x00, 0x41, 0x22, 0x1C, 0x00,// )
    0x08, 0x2A, 0x1C, 0x2A, 0x08,// *
    0x08, 0x08, 0x3E, 0x08, 0x08,// +
    0x00, 0x50, 0x30, 0x00, 0x00,// ,
    0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08,// -
    0x00, 0x60, 0x60, 0x00, 0x00,// .
    0x20, 0x10, 0x08, 0x04, 0x02,// /
    0x3E, 0x51, 0x49, 0x45, 0x3E,// 0
    0x00, 0x42, 0x7F, 0x40, 0x00,// 1
    0x42, 0x61, 0x51, 0x49, 0x46,// 2
    0x21, 0x41, 0x45, 0x4B, 0x31,// 3
    0x18, 0x14, 0x12, 0x7F, 0x10,// 4
    0x27, 0x45, 0x45, 0x45, 0x39,// 5
    0x3C, 0x4A, 0x49, 0x49, 0x30,// 6
    0x01, 0x71, 0x09, 0x05, 0x03,// 7
    0x36, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x36,// 8
    0x06, 0x49, 0x49, 0x29, 0x1E,// 9
    0x00, 0x36, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00,// :
    0x00, 0x56, 0x36, 0x00, 0x00,// ;
    0x00, 0x08, 0x14, 0x22, 0x41,// <
    0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14,// =
    0x41, 0x22, 0x14, 0x08, 0x00,// >
    0x02, 0x01, 0x51, 0x09, 0x06,// ?
    0x32, 0x49, 0x79, 0x41, 0x3E,// @
    0x7E, 0x11, 0x11, 0x11, 0x7E,// A
    0x7F, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x36,// B
    0x3E, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x22,// C
    0x7F, 0x41, 0x41, 0x22, 0x1C,// D
    0x7F, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x41,// E
    0x7F, 0x09, 0x09, 0x01, 0x01,// F
    0x3E, 0x41, 0x41, 0x51, 0x32,// G
    0x7F, 0x08, 0x08, 0x08, 0x7F,// H
    0x00, 0x41, 0x7F, 0x41, 0x00,// I
    0x20, 0x40, 0x41, 0x3F, 0x01,// J
    0x7F, 0x08, 0x14, 0x22, 0x41,// K
    0x7F, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40,// L
    0x7F, 0x02, 0x04, 0x02, 0x7F,// M
    0x7F, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x7F,// N
    0x3E, 0x41, 0x41, 0x41, 0x3E,// O
    0x7F, 0x09, 0x09, 0x09, 0x06,// P
    0x3E, 0x41, 0x51, 0x21, 0x5E,// Q
    0x7F, 0x09, 0x19, 0x29, 0x46,// R
    0x46, 0x49, 0x49, 0x49, 0x31,// S
    0x01, 0x01, 0x7F, 0x01, 0x01,// T
    0x3F, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x3F,// U
    0x1F, 0x20, 0x40, 0x20, 0x1F,// V
    0x7F, 0x20, 0x18, 0x20, 0x7F,// W
    0x63, 0x14, 0x08, 0x14, 0x63,// X
    0x03, 0x04, 0x78, 0x04, 0x03,// Y
    0x61, 0x51, 0x49, 0x45, 0x43,// Z
    0x00, 0x00, 0x7F, 0x41, 0x41,// [
    0x02, 0x04, 0x08, 0x10, 0x20,// "\"
    0x41, 0x41, 0x7F, 0x00, 0x00,// ]
    0x04, 0x02, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04,// ^
    0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40, 0x40,// _
    0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x04, 0x00,// `
    0x20, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x78,// a
    0x7F, 0x48, 0x44, 0x44, 0x38,// b
    0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x44, 0x20,// c
    0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x48, 0x7F,// d
    0x38, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x18,// e
    0x08, 0x7E, 0x09, 0x01, 0x02,// f
    0x08, 0x14, 0x54, 0x54, 0x3C,// g
    0x7F, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x78,// h
    0x00, 0x44, 0x7D, 0x40, 0x00,// i
    0x20, 0x40, 0x44, 0x3D, 0x00,// j
    0x00, 0x7F, 0x10, 0x28, 0x44,// k
    0x00, 0x41, 0x7F, 0x40, 0x00,// l
    0x7C, 0x04, 0x18, 0x04, 0x78,// m
    0x7C, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x78,// n
    0x38, 0x44, 0x44, 0x44, 0x38,// o
    0x7C, 0x14, 0x14, 0x14, 0x08,// p
    0x08, 0x14, 0x14, 0x18, 0x7C,// q
    0x7C, 0x08, 0x04, 0x04, 0x08,// r
    0x48, 0x54, 0x54, 0x54, 0x20,// s
    0x04, 0x3F, 0x44, 0x40, 0x20,// t
    0x3C, 0x40, 0x40, 0x20, 0x7C,// u
    0x1C, 0x20, 0x40, 0x20, 0x1C,// v
    0x3C, 0x40, 0x30, 0x40, 0x3C,// w
    0x44, 0x28, 0x10, 0x28, 0x44,// x
    0x0C, 0x50, 0x50, 0x50, 0x3C,// y
    0x44, 0x64, 0x54, 0x4C, 0x44,// z
    0x00, 0x08, 0x36, 0x41, 0x00,// {
    0x00, 0x00, 0x7F, 0x00, 0x00,// |
    0x00, 0x41, 0x36, 0x08, 0x00,// }
    0x08, 0x08, 0x2A, 0x1C, 0x08,// ->
    0x08, 0x1C, 0x2A, 0x08, 0x08 // <-