This code example demonstrates displaying graphics on an EInk display using EmWin graphics library in Mbed OS.
PSoC 6 MCU: emWin E-INK with Mbed OS
This code example demonstrates displaying graphics on an E-INK display using EmWin graphics library in Mbed OS.
Tested with Mbed OS v6.2.1.
Note: You do not need to install ModusToolbox to build and run this code example. However, installing it is required when you need to:
Debug using the Eclipse IDE for ModusToolbox. See the user guide for details.
Customize the default device configuration using any of the Configurator tools
Port this code example to a new target that is not listed under the Supported Kits
Supported Toolchains (Mbed CLI argument
Supported Kits (Mbed CLI argument
- PSoC 6 BLE Pioneer Kit (
- PSoC 6 WiFi-BT Pioneer Kit (
- PSoC 62S2 Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit (
- PSoC 62S1 Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit (
- PSoC 62S1 Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit (
- PSoC 64 Secure Boot Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit (
Note: The PSoC 6 BLE Pioneer Kit (CY8CKIT-062-BLE) and the PSoC 6 WiFi-BT Pioneer Kit (CY8CKIT-062-WIFI-BT) ship with KitProg2 installed. The ModusToolbox software requires KitProg3. Before using this code example, make sure that the board is upgraded to KitProg3. The tool and instructions are available in the Firmware Loader GitHub repository. If you do not upgrade, you will see an error like “unable to find CMSIS-DAP device” or “KitProg firmware is out of date”.
For Mbed OS, the kit must be in DAPLink mode. See the KitProg3 User Guide (see Documentation tab in the Cypress Programming Solutions web page) to learn how to put the Pioneer Kit into DAPLink mode.
Install a terminal emulator if you don’t have one. Instructions in this document use Tera Term.
This example requires no additional software or tools.
Import the Code Example using Mbed CLI
Mbed CLI commands are used to import the code example and compile. See Working with Mbed CLI web page.
mbed import https://github.com/cypresssemiconductorco/mbed-os-example-emwin-eink
This command first clones the code example repository from GitHub, and then deploys all the libraries.
If you wish to perform the deploy process manually, use the following commands:
- Clone the GitHub code example repository:
git clone https://github.com/cypresssemiconductorco/mbed-os-example-emwin-eink && cd mbed-os-example-emwin-eink
- Deploy the dependent libraries. The library files are identified with the .lib extension.
- Set the current directory as root:
mbed new .
If using a PSoC 64 Secure MCU kit (like CY8CKIT-064B0S2-4343W), the PSoC 64 Secure MCU must be provisioned with keys and policies before being programmed. Follow the instructions in the Secure Boot SDK User Guide to provision the device. If the kit is already provisioned, copy-paste the keys and policy folder to the application folder.
Connect the board to your PC using the provided USB cable through the KitProg3 USB connector.
Program the board using mbed command to compile and flash the application using the default toolchain to the default target:
mbed compile -m <TARGET> -t <TOOLCHAIN> --flash --sterm
For example, to build for the target
CY8CKIT-062-BLEwith the toolchain
GCC_ARM, use the following command:
mbed compile -m CY8CKIT_062_BLE -t GCC_ARM --flash --sterm
Note: With the
--sterm option, Mbed CLI opens a new terminal with 9600-8N1 as the setting after programming completes. Do not use this option if you want to connect using another serial terminal application such as PuTTY or Tera Term.
- After programming, the application starts automatically. Confirm that the the startup screen with the Cypress logo is displayed on the E-INK display for 3 seconds.
After 3 seconds, another screen with instructions to press the user switch to scroll through the display pages is displayed. The LED is turned on and off when the display is updated with new content.
Press the user switch to scroll through various display pages that demonstrate the emWin graphic library’s 2D graphics features:
- Font sizes - normal fonts
- Font sizes - bold fonts
- Text alignments and styles
- Text wrap and rotation
- 2D graphics #1
- 2D graphics #2
Figure 1. Startup Screen
Figure 2. 2D Graphics
You can debug the example to step through the code. In the IDE, use the \
Follow the steps from Eclipse IDE for ModusToolbox User Guide to export the Mbed OS code example and import it into Eclipse IDE for ModusToolbox for programming and debugging.
Mbed OS also supports debugging using any IDE that supports GDB. See Arm Mbed documentation to learn about debugging steps.
Note: (Only while debugging) On the CM4 CPU, some code in
main() may execute before the debugger halts at the beginning of
main(). This means that some code executes twice - once before the debugger stops execution, and again after the debugger resets the program counter to the beginning of
main(). See KBA231071 to learn about this and for the workaround.
Design and Implementation
This project uses a CY8CKIT-028-EPD E-INK Display Shield together with a Pioneer Board. The E-INK Shield has a 2.7-inch E-INK display with a resolution of 264×176 pixels.
For details on the Pioneer Board and E-INK Display Shield, see the Pioneer Kit Guide.
There are three important parts in this code example:
- emWin Graphics Library: The emWin Graphics Library is implemented as a middleware and has all the graphics functions. In this example, the library manages a display buffer and updates it with the pixel data in accordance with the graphics operations performed.
See emWin middleware documentation on GitHub to learn about the structure of the emWin package and supported drivers, and for a quick start guide to create and run your first emWin project from scratch. The documentation page also contains configuration details on a wide variety of display drivers provided my emWin.
E-INK Driver: The necessary libraries are added through the display-eink-e2271cs021 display library to drive the display. This library provides functions for supporting the EPD display driven by the E2271CS021 controller through the SPI interface. The SPI interface is set to run at 18 MHz.
Application Code: The application code calls emWin graphics APIs to perform graphic functions.
Resources and Settings
Table 1. Application Resources
|SPI(HAL)||spi||Driver to communicate with EPD shield|
|GPIO(HAL)||sw2||User LED to show visual output|
|GPIO(HAL)||ledGreen||User LED to show visual output|
|GPIO(HAL)||ledRed||User LED to show visual output|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_CS||SPI CS output pin|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_RST||Display reset output pin|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_BUSY||Display busy input pin|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_DISCHARGE||Display discharge output pin|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_EN||Display enable output pin|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_BORDER||Display border output pin|
|GPIO(HAL)||CY8CKIT_028_EPD_PIN_DISPLAY_IOEN||Display I/O Enable output pin|
|AN228571 – Getting Started with PSoC 6 MCU on ModusToolbox||Describes PSoC 6 MCU devices and how to build your first application with ModusToolbox|
|AN221774 – Getting Started with PSoC 6 MCU on PSoC Creator||Describes PSoC 6 MCU devices and how to build your first application with PSoC Creator|
|AN210781 – Getting Started with PSoC 6 MCU with Bluetooth Low Energy (BLE) Connectivity on PSoC Creator||Describes PSoC 6 MCU with BLE Connectivity devices and how to build your first application with PSoC Creator|
|AN215656 – PSoC 6 MCU: Dual-CPU System Design||Describes the dual-CPU architecture in PSoC 6 MCU, and shows how to build a simple dual-CPU design|
|Using ModusToolbox||Using PSoC Creator|
|PSoC 6 MCU Datasheets||PSoC 6 Technical Reference Manuals|
|Development Kits||Buy at www.cypress.com|
|CY8CKIT-062-BLE PSoC 6 BLE Pioneer Kit||CY8CKIT-062-WiFi-BT PSoC 6 WiFi-BT Pioneer Kit|
|CY8CPROTO-063-BLE PSoC 6 BLE Prototyping Kit||CY8CPROTO-062-4343W PSoC 6 Wi-Fi BT Prototyping Kit|
|CY8CKIT-062S2-43012 PSoC 62S2 Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit||CY8CPROTO-062S3-4343W PSoC 62S3 Wi-Fi BT Prototyping Kit|
|CYW9P62S1-43438EVB-01 PSoC 62S1 Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit||CYW9P62S1-43012EVB-01 PSoC 62S1 Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit|
|CY8CKIT-064B0S2-4343W PSoC 64 Secure Boot Wi-Fi BT Pioneer Kit|
|PSoC 6 Peripheral Driver Library (PDL) and docs||mtb-pdl-cat1 on GitHub|
|Cypress Hardware Abstraction Layer (HAL) Library and docs||mtb-hal-cat1 on GitHub|
|Retarget IO - A utility library to retarget the standard input/output (STDIO) messages to a UART port||retarget-io on GitHub|
|CapSense® library and docs||capsense on GitHub|
|SEGGER emWin Middleware Library||emwin on GitHub|
|Links to all PSoC 6 MCU Middleware||psoc6-middleware on GitHub|
|Eclipse IDE for ModusToolbox||The cross-platform, Eclipse-based IDE for IoT designers that supports application configuration and development targeting converged MCU and wireless systems.|
|PSoC Creator™||The Cypress IDE for PSoC and FM0+ MCU development.|
Cypress provides a wealth of data at www.cypress.com to help you select the right device, and quickly and effectively integrate it into your design.
For PSoC 6 MCU devices, see How to Design with PSoC 6 MCU - KBA223067 in the Cypress community.
Document Title: CE223727 - PSoC 6 MCU: emWin E-INK with Mbed OS
|Version||Description of Change|
|1.0.0||New code example. Tested with Mbed OS Version 5.12.2.|
|1.1.0||Updated to Mbed OS 5.13.3.|
|2.0.0||Updated to Mbed OS 6.2.1.
Added display-eink-e2271cs021 lib, core-lib, and minor code changes.
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