Contributing to Mbed OS
Mbed OS is an open source, device software ecosystem for the Internet of Things (IoT). Contributions are an important part of the ecosystem, and our goal is to make it as simple as possible to become a contributor.
You can make contributions to the source code and documentation that we develop on GitHub. Mbed uses the same open source license for contributions (inbound) as it uses for the the project (outbound). Our default and preferred software license is Apache License version 2.0 (Apache-2.0).
To encourage collaboration, as well as robust, consistent and maintainable code, we have built a set of guidelines for contributing to Mbed.
How to contribute
Mbed OS has a team of maintainers who provide guidance and direction to contributors. This team is responsible for helping you get your changes in, as well as controlling the overall quality and consistency of the software.
We accept contributions in the form of pull requests. Each pull request must be reviewed by at least one other developer experienced with the functionality. For contributions that span multiple functionalities, multiple reviewers may be necessary. After reviews are complete, we test the changes as part of a larger system. The testing includes but is not limited to: functional correctness, static analysis, integration with other parts of the system, code style or formatting and regressions, such as code size increase or performance degradation. If any of the tests fail, more work will be needed before we accept the contribution. For more information about how to contribute, please see our workflow.
Types of contributions
There are a few types of contributions. Each type has different priorities and requirements. When contributing, it's important not to mix types and instead, create multiple contributions if needed. The type of contribution affects how and when it is incorporated into Mbed OS.
A license is the contract between the user and owner of the software. It specifies what you can and cannot do when receiving the software. It provides protection for both the user and owner. In an Mbed project, the full terms of the license are in a file named LICENSE. Additionally, all source files must contain the SPDX identifier as a comment at the beginning of the file.
One repository may contain multiple, independent code bases, each with their own license. If you are integrating two libraries with different licenses, it is important that each library retain its original license. If a repository has software with multiple licenses, the contribution will be made according to the license of the file the contribution modifies. By creating a pull request on GitHub, you agree to license your contributions under the same license as the original code. This is commonly referred to as "inbound=outbound". This enables contributions to happen in a quick and effortless way and encourages collaboration.
Most Mbed OS software is licensed under a permissive license. The three most common permissive licenses are:
- Apache 2.0.
- BSD 3-Clause.
For new Mbed projects, we suggest adopting the Apache 2.0 license.
Note: An Mbed software release under a permissive license cannot accept any code that is licensed under a "copyleft" license. Doing so would prevent us from distributing our code under the permissive license. You are welcome to use Mbed software with copyleft licenses, as long as you follow the rules of the copyleft license.
Please, see the contributing guidelines for a more detailed description of licenses.
Access to the ARMmbed organization on GitHub
You may require direct access to the ARMmbed organization for one of the following reasons:
- You need access to private repositories.
- You need push access to a repository.
- You are collaborating with Arm staff.
You can request to become an organization member, but you must first ensure your GitHub profile meets the following requirements:
- All users must have two-factor authentication enabled.
- Arm staff must have their Name, Company (Arm) and Location publicly visible.
- All others should have their Name and Company visible. Including your Location helps us interpret response times according to time zones.
Leaving the ARMmbed organization
When leaving the organization, please follow best practices.
Creating new repositories
If you create a new repository in the ARMmbed organization on GitHub, it must contain a:
CONTRIBUTING.mdfile (similar to Mbed OS contributing).
LICENSEfile, the full license text or overview of every license in the repository with links.
README.mdwith a license and contributing section (similar to Mbed OS license and contributions section).
- The maintainers and reviewers are your friends. At times, programming can be personal. However, it's important to realize that we all share a common goal and honest feedback is constructive feedback.
- Larger contributions take longer to be accepted than smaller ones. The best contributions are small and purposeful, achieving a single goal. We may ask you to split up a contribution if it contains multiple unrelated changes.
- Consistency is an important aspect of a code base. To ensure consistency in Mbed OS code, we have created contributing guidelines. Any contribution to Mbed OS needs to meet the following criteria:
- Be consistent with your changes. The existing style of a code base overrules any personal preference. We define the software design principles and coding style guidelines.
- Follow the contribution workflow. It explains the contribution process.