PID Library Brought in from the PID Arduino Library

Dependents:   Basic_PID wheelchaircontrol wheelchaircontrolRosCom wheelchaircontrol ... more

PID.cpp

Committer:
jvfausto
Date:
23 months ago
Revision:
2:60801ab3cbf9
Parent:
1:37c3ab46d475
Child:
3:62f1e316f15b

File content as of revision 2:60801ab3cbf9:

#include "PID.h"
#include "mbed.h"

PID::PID(volatile double* Input, volatile double* Output, volatile double* Setpoint, double Kp, double Ki, double Kd, int POn, int ControllerDirection){
    PIDtimer.start();
    PIDtimer.reset();   
    myOutput = Output;
    myInput = Input;
    mySetpoint = Setpoint;
    inAuto = true;
    PID::SetOutputLimits(0, 1); //default output limit corresponds to
                                                //the arduino pwm limits
    SampleTime = .1;                           //default Controller Sample Time is 0.1 seconds

    PID::SetControllerDirection(ControllerDirection);
    PID::SetTunings(Kp, Ki, Kd, POn);

    lastTime = PIDtimer.read()-SampleTime;
      //  printf("the values are %f, %f, %f, %f, %f, %f \r\n", *myOutput, *myInput, *mySetpoint, kp, ki, kd);
    }
    
/* Compute() **********************************************************************
 *     This, as they say, is where the magic happens.  this function should be called
 *   every time "void loop()" executes.  the function will decide for itself whether a new
 *   pid Output needs to be computed.  returns true when the output is computed,
 *   false when nothing has been done.
 **********************************************************************************/
bool PID::Compute()
{
   if(!inAuto) return false;
   double now = PIDtimer.read();
   double timeChange = (now - lastTime);
   if(timeChange>=SampleTime)
   {
      /*Compute all the working error variables*/
      double input = *myInput;
      double error = *mySetpoint - input;
      double dInput = (input - lastInput);
      outputSum+= (ki * error);
        
      /*Add Proportional on Measurement, if P_ON_M is specified*/
      if(!pOnE) outputSum -= kp * dInput;
      if(outputSum > outMax) outputSum= outMax;
      else if(outputSum < outMin) outputSum= outMin;

      /*Add Proportional on Error, if P_ON_E is specified*/
       double output;
      if(pOnE) output = kp * error;
      else output = 0;
      /*Compute Rest of PID Output*/
      output += outputSum - kd * dInput;

        if(output > outMax) output = outMax;
      else if(output < outMin) output = outMin;
        *myOutput = output;

      /*Remember some variables for next time*/
      lastInput = input;
      lastTime = now;
      printf("the values are %f, %f, %f, %f \r\n", *myOutput, *myInput, *mySetpoint, lastTime);

        return true;
   }
   else 
   {
       return false;
    }
}

/* SetTunings(...)*************************************************************
 * This function allows the controller's dynamic performance to be adjusted.
 * it's called automatically from the constructor, but tunings can also
 * be adjusted on the fly during normal operation
 ******************************************************************************/
void PID::SetTunings(double Kp, double Ki, double Kd, int POn)
{
   if (Kp<0 || Ki<0 || Kd<0) return;

   pOn = POn;
   pOnE = POn == P_ON_E;

   dispKp = Kp; dispKi = Ki; dispKd = Kd;

   double SampleTimeInSec = ((double)SampleTime)/1000;
   kp = Kp;
   ki = Ki * SampleTimeInSec;
   kd = Kd / SampleTimeInSec;

  if(controllerDirection ==REVERSE)
   {
      kp = (0 - kp);
      ki = (0 - ki);
      kd = (0 - kd);
   }
}

/* SetTunings(...)*************************************************************
 * Set Tunings using the last-rembered POn setting
 ******************************************************************************/
void PID::SetTunings(double Kp, double Ki, double Kd){
    SetTunings(Kp, Ki, Kd, pOn); 
}

/* SetSampleTime(...) *********************************************************
 * sets the period, in Milliseconds, at which the calculation is performed
 ******************************************************************************/
void PID::SetSampleTime(int NewSampleTime)
{
   if (NewSampleTime > 0)
   {
      double ratio  = (double)NewSampleTime
                      / (double)SampleTime;
      ki *= ratio;
      kd /= ratio;
      SampleTime = (unsigned long)NewSampleTime;
   }
}

/* SetOutputLimits(...)****************************************************
 *     This function will be used far more often than SetInputLimits.  while
 *  the input to the controller will generally be in the 0-1023 range (which is
 *  the default already,)  the output will be a little different.  maybe they'll
 *  be doing a time window and will need 0-8000 or something.  or maybe they'll
 *  want to clamp it from 0-125.  who knows.  at any rate, that can all be done
 *  here.
 **************************************************************************/
void PID::SetOutputLimits(double Min, double Max)
{
   if(Min >= Max) return;
   outMin = Min;
   outMax = Max;

   if(inAuto)
   {
       if(*myOutput > outMax) *myOutput = outMax;
       else if(*myOutput < outMin) *myOutput = outMin;

       if(outputSum > outMax) outputSum= outMax;
       else if(outputSum < outMin) outputSum= outMin;
   }
}

/* SetMode(...)****************************************************************
 * Allows the controller Mode to be set to manual (0) or Automatic (non-zero)
 * when the transition from manual to auto occurs, the controller is
 * automatically initialized
 ******************************************************************************/
void PID::SetMode(int Mode)
{
    bool newAuto = (Mode == AUTOMATIC);
    if(newAuto && !inAuto)
    {  /*we just went from manual to auto*/
        PID::Initialize();
    }
    inAuto = newAuto;
}

/* Initialize()****************************************************************
 *  does all the things that need to happen to ensure a bumpless transfer
 *  from manual to automatic mode.
 ******************************************************************************/
void PID::Initialize()
{
   outputSum = *myOutput;
   lastInput = *myInput;
   if(outputSum > outMax) outputSum = outMax;
   else if(outputSum < outMin) outputSum = outMin;
}

/* SetControllerDirection(...)*************************************************
 * The PID will either be connected to a DIRECT acting process (+Output leads
 * to +Input) or a REVERSE acting process(+Output leads to -Input.)  we need to
 * know which one, because otherwise we may increase the output when we should
 * be decreasing.  This is called from the constructor.
 ******************************************************************************/
void PID::SetControllerDirection(int Direction)
{
   if(inAuto && Direction !=controllerDirection)
   {
        kp = (0 - kp);
      ki = (0 - ki);
      kd = (0 - kd);
   }
   controllerDirection = Direction;
}

/* Status Funcions*************************************************************
 * Just because you set the Kp=-1 doesn't mean it actually happened.  these
 * functions query the internal state of the PID.  they're here for display
 * purposes.  this are the functions the PID Front-end uses for example
 ******************************************************************************/
double PID::GetKp(){ return  dispKp; }
double PID::GetKi(){ return  dispKi;}
double PID::GetKd(){ return  dispKd;}
int PID::GetMode(){ return  inAuto ? AUTOMATIC : MANUAL;}
int PID::GetDirection(){ return controllerDirection;}