This is a port of Henning Kralsen's UTFT library for Arduino/chipKIT to mbed, refactored to make full use of C++ inheritance and access control, in order to reduce work when implementing new drivers and at the same time make the code more readable and easier to maintain. As of now supported are SSD1289 (16-bit interface), HX8340-B (serial interface) and ST7735 (serial interface). Drivers for other controllers will be added as time and resources to acquire the displays to test the code permit.

Dependents:   test SDCard capstone_display capstone_display_2 ... more

TFTLCD Library

NOTE (2013-03-25) Tested with both mbed LPC1768 and Freedom KL25Z. -todor

A TFT LCD driver library, which at the moment provides support for the following display controllers: HX8340-B (serial interface), SSD1289 (16-bit interface), ST7735-R (serial interface), ILI9325/ILI9328 (16-bit interface).

As I am acquiring and testing out new displays, I decided to combine all ported drivers into one library as with the original work done by Henning. However I also had as a goal to make the code maintenance and readability easier/better, so the code has been heavily refactored to make full use of C++ facilities as inheritance and access control. I extracted the common pieces of code into a base class, which every driver inherits and only the controller-specific side is provided in the actual driver - things like initialization, addressing, data transfer, etc.

Another nice extension is that the display's backlight can now be controlled through the driver. Either a simple on/off method of control could be selected, or the brightness can be set through use of PWM (the latter placing some restrictions on which pins can be used for this, as mbed offers hardware PWM on only 6 pins).

I also plan to add support for touch screens as part of the library. The goal is to grow this piece of software into a lightweight graphics widgets library, which can be used to construct control screens with buttons or menus in a speedy and intuitive way.



  • Fixed the sleep/wake-up functions of the ILI9328 driver.


  • Added driver for ILI9328 (works with ILI9325) controller, 16-bit data bus. Screen rotation works as usual with the TFTLCD library, but for now only RGB565 color depth is working and you can use both 65K and 262K color space with this driver. But for some reason the sleep function is not behaving as expected; I am working on this.
  • This is only on my to-do list for now - haven't really had the time yet - but I am going to refactor the library a bit to allow use of GPIO ports for data transfers instead of DigitalOut: faster and cleaner that way. For those who are using it already in a working design and cannot repurpose the pins anymore, the current way it's working will still be available; I am hoping not to tear up the public interfaces of the library (... too much). Anyway, since I am at it, I will also try to add support for multiple bus interfaces to drivers that support it (i.e. both 8bit and 16bit use of ILI932x or SSD1289). Thought this might be a good place to give you guys the heads-up.


  • Replaced all existing fonts from the UTFT library with the free Terminus font. Two different sizes are provided: 8x12 pixels and 16x28 pixels. I found the old fonts not so good looking and then they supported only the ASCII codes in the range 30 (space) to 126 (the tilde ). The 7segment font didn't even implement anything else than the numbers from 0 to 9 - so it was unusable for anything (one couldn't even display the time or date as it lacked the colon [:] or the period [.] or the slash [/] or the space [ ] characters). So I completely revamped the fonts and added Terminus as the new default with its 2 sizes. Further more I added in both sizes most of the characters up to ASCII code 255. For any code not in there, the space character is substituted. In the case, when you already have provided your own fonts, please have a look at the API changes in the files <terminus.h> and <terminus.cpp>: I promise you whatever time you spent designing your own font, it is not wasted; you merely need to add a second array, which describes which ASCII codes are available in your font, and their byte offset in the original character bitmap array; and a struct to tie all parts together and describe the character size. I am sorry for breaking the old API, but you will like the change and new options it brings you. Now you can insert any char above 127 up to code 255 (if available, of course) with its hex representation, e.g displaying the current temperature would look something like 85\xB0 F or 26\xB0 C (the space in between degree and F or C is needed because both F and C are used in hex numbers, so \xB0F is interpreted as ASCII code 2831 instead of ASCII code 176, followed by the temperature scale denomination; if you insist on avoiding the space, you could write 85\xB0\x46 which will be displayed correctly as 85°F). You can either look up the ASCII code you need on Google or Bing, or just look at what's available - how it looks and its hex value - in the comments in <terminus.cpp>.
  • Added PWM backlight control. If you intend to use this, please make sure that control pin is either one of p21, p22, p23, p24, p25, or p26, as only they support hardware PWM. Please be aware that the mbed pins do not have much juice behind them, so if your display's backlight requires a lot of current, you are better off interfacing through as small signal transistor or a MOSFET. For the rest please consult the updated Doxygen documentation. NOTE The addition of PWM-controlled backlight will not break your existing code, the new options have default values, which initialize the used driver to behave as prior to PWM. Only if you want to use the new feature, some changes need to be made. The PWM is configured to be 120Hz (period of 8.33 milliseconds), in order to avoid noticeable flicker in the backlight. If in your opinion this value is too fine, then you can reduce the frequency in the LCD constructor in <lcd_base.cpp> by increasing the period value. My recommendation is to avoid frequencies lower than 60Hz.


  • Internal-only changes in the way drivers transmit colors - done to simplify the bitmap drawing routines; client API remains unchanged.


  • Added the driver for the ST7735 display controller.
  • Added the RGB18 color mode: choose between 16-bit (65K distinct colors) and 18-bit (262K distinct colors) color space [supported by all drivers]. NOTE This feature requires the image drawing functions to be changed, in order to account for differences between configured display color depth and the color depth of the image. Please review the API docs, in particular the new type bitmap_t and the DrawBitmap functions.
  • Changed display rotation to be achieved through the correspondent settings in the respective controller registers: no more software translation between width and height in different display orientations.
  • Extended the orientation options: PORTRAIT (top line to 12 o'clock/upright) and LANDSCAPE (top line to 9 o'clock) positions are the old options, PORTRAIT_REV (top line to 6 o'clock/upside-down) and LANDSCAPE_REV (top line to 3 o'clock) are the new orientations.


  • Finish implementing PWM-controlled backlight (current-sink configuration).
  • Add a driver for the HX8352-A controller (ITDB02-3.2WD 16:9 240x400 pixel resolution display).

How to Use

The code is documented, so please review the API docs. There is a simple example to get you started...

Thu Jun 13 03:47:51 2013 +0000
- ILI9328 driver not working yet

Who changed what in which revision?

UserRevisionLine numberNew contents of line
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 1 /** \file ili9328.h
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 2 * \brief mbed LCD driver for displays with the ILI9328 controller.
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 3 * \copyright GNU Public License, v2. or later
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 4 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 5 * This library is based on the Arduino/chipKIT UTFT library by Henning
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 6 * Karlsen,
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 7 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 8 * Copyright (C)2010-2012 Henning Karlsen. All right reserved.
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 9 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 10 * Copyright (C)2012-2013 Todor Todorov.
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 11 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 12 * This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 13 * modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 14 * License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 15 * version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 16 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 17 * This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 18 * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 19 * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the GNU
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 20 * Lesser General Public License for more details.
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 21 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 22 * You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 23 * License along with this library; if not, write to:
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 24 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 25 * Free Software Foundation, Inc.
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 26 * 51 Franklin St, 5th Floor, Boston, MA 02110-1301, USA
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 27 *
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 28 *********************************************************************/
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 29 #ifndef TFTLCD_ILI9328_H
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 30 #define TFTLCD_ILI9328_H
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 31
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 32 #include "lcd_base.h"
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 33
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 34 #ifdef __cplusplus
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 35 extern "C" {
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 36 #endif
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 37
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 38 class ILI9328_LCD : public LCD
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 39 {
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 40 public:
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 41 ILI9328_LCD( PinName CS, PinName RESET, PinName RS, PinName WR, BusOut* DATA_PORT, PinName BL = NC, PinName RD = NC, backlight_t blType = Constant, float defaultBackLightLevel = 1.0 );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 42 virtual void Initialize( orientation_t orientation = LANDSCAPE, colordepth_t colors = RGB16 );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 43 virtual void Sleep( void );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 44 virtual void WakeUp( void );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 45
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 46 protected:
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 47 virtual void WriteCmd( unsigned short cmd );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 48 virtual void WriteData( unsigned short data );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 49 virtual void SetXY( unsigned short x1, unsigned short y1, unsigned short x2, unsigned short y2 );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 50 virtual void SetPixelColor( unsigned int color, colordepth_t mode = RGB24 );
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 51
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 52 private:
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 53 DigitalOut _lcd_pin_wr;
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 54 BusOut* _lcd_port;
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 55 DigitalOut* _lcd_pin_bl;
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 56 DigitalOut* _lcd_pin_rd;
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 57 };
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 58
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 59 #ifdef __cplusplus
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 60 }
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 61 #endif
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 62
ttodorov 23:eca4414196ca 63 #endif /* TFTLCD_ILI9328_H */