* add C027_Support fork

Fork of C027_Support by u-blox

GPS.cpp

Committer:
mazgch
Date:
2013-10-25
Revision:
2:b6012cd91657
Child:
3:c7cd4887560d

File content as of revision 2:b6012cd91657:

#include "mbed.h"
#include <ctype.h>
#include "GPS.h"

int GPSParser::_getMessage(Pipe<char>* pipe, char* buf, int len)
{
    int unkn = 0;
    int sz = pipe->size();
    if (len > sz)
        len = sz;
    while (len > 0)
    {
        // NMEA protocol
        int nmea = _parseNmea(pipe,len);
        if ((nmea != NOT_FOUND) && (unkn > 0))  return unkn;
        if (nmea == WAIT)                       return WAIT;
        if (nmea > 0)                           return NMEA | pipe->get(buf,nmea);
        // UBX protocol
        int ubx = _parseUbx(pipe,len);
        if ((ubx != NOT_FOUND) && (unkn > 0))   return unkn;
        if (ubx == WAIT)                        return WAIT;
        if (ubx > 0)                            return UBX | pipe->get(buf,ubx);
        // UNKNOWN
        *buf++ = pipe->getc();
        unkn ++;
        len--;
    }
    if (unkn != NOT_FOUND)                      return unkn; 
    return WAIT;
}

int GPSParser::_parseNmea(Pipe<char>* pipe, int len)
{
    int ix = 0;
    pipe->start();
    if (++ix > len)                     return WAIT;
    if ('$' != pipe->next())            return NOT_FOUND;
    for (;;)
    {
        if (++ix > len)                 return WAIT;
        char ch = pipe->next();
        if ('\n' == ch)                 return ix;
        if (!isprint(ch) && '\r'!= ch)  return NOT_FOUND; 
    }
}

int GPSParser::_parseUbx(Pipe<char>* pipe, int l)
{
    int o = 0;
    pipe->start();
    if (++o > l)                return WAIT;
    if ('\xB5' != pipe->next()) return NOT_FOUND;   
    if (++o > l)                return WAIT;
    if ('\x62' != pipe->next()) return NOT_FOUND;
    o += 4;
    if (o > l)                  return WAIT;
    int i,j,ca,cb;
    i = pipe->next(); ca  = i; cb  = ca; // cls
    i = pipe->next(); ca += i; cb += ca; // id
    i = pipe->next(); ca += i; cb += ca; // len_lsb
    j = pipe->next(); ca += j; cb += ca; // len_msb 
    j = i + (j << 8);
    while (j--)
    {
        if (++o > l)            return WAIT;
        i = pipe->next(); 
        ca += i; 
        cb += ca;
    }
    ca &= 0xFF; cb &= 0xFF;
    if (++o > l)                return WAIT;
    if (ca != pipe->next())     return NOT_FOUND;
    if (++o > l)                return WAIT;
    if (cb != pipe->next())     return NOT_FOUND;
    return o;
}

int GPSParser::_putNmea(Stream* stream, const char* buf, int len)
{
    stream->putc('$');
    int c = 0;
    for (int i = 0; i < len; i ++)
    {
        int t = *buf++;
        stream->putc(t);
        c ^= t;
    }
    stream->putc('*');
    stream->putc(toHex[(c >> 4) & 0xF]);
    stream->putc(toHex[(c >> 0) & 0xF]);
    stream->putc('\r');
    stream->putc('\n');
    return len + 6;
}

int GPSParser::_putUbx(Stream* stream, const unsigned char cls, unsigned char id, unsigned char* buf, int len)
{
    stream->putc('\xB5'); // 'µ'
    stream->putc('\x62'); // 'b'
    int ca = cls, cb = cls;
    stream->putc(cls);
    ca += id; cb += ca;
    stream->putc(id);
    int t = (len >> 0) & 0xFF;
    ca += t; cb += ca;
    stream->putc(t);
    t = (len >> 8) & 0xFF;
    ca += t; cb += ca;
    stream->putc(t);
    for (int i = 0; i < len; i ++)
    {
        t = *buf++;
        ca += t; cb += ca;
        stream->putc(t);
    }
    stream->putc(ca & 0xFF);
    stream->putc(cb & 0xFF);
    return len + 8;
}

const char* GPSParser::findNmeaItemPos(int ix, const char* start, const char* end)
{
    // find the start
    for (; (start < end) && (ix > 0); start ++)
    {
        if (*start == ',')
            ix --;
    }
    // found and check bounds
    if ((ix == 0) && (start < end) && 
        (*start != ',') && (*start != '*') && (*start != '\r') && (*start != '\n'))
        return start;
    else 
        return NULL;
}

bool GPSParser::getNmeaItem(int ix, char* buf, int len, double& val)
{
    char* end = &buf[len];
    const char* pos = findNmeaItemPos(ix, buf, end);
    // find the start
    if (!pos)
        return false;
    val = strtod(pos, &end);
    // restore the last character
    return (end > pos);
}

bool GPSParser::getNmeaItem(int ix, char* buf, int len, int& val, int base /*=10*/)
{
    char* end = &buf[len];
    const char* pos = findNmeaItemPos(ix, buf, end);
    // find the start
    if (!pos)
        return false;
    val = (int)strtol(pos, &end, base);
    return (end > pos);
}

bool GPSParser::getNmeaItem(int ix, char* buf, int len, char& val)
{
    const char* end = &buf[len];
    const char* pos = findNmeaItemPos(ix, buf, end);
    // find the start
    if (!pos)
        return false;
    // skip leading spaces
    while ((pos < end) && isspace(*pos))
        pos++;
    // check bound
    if ((pos < end) && 
        (*pos != ',') && (*pos != '*') && (*pos != '\r') && (*pos != '\n'))
    {
        val = *pos;
        return true;
    }
    return false;
}

const char GPSParser::toHex[] = { '0','1','2','3','4','5','6','7','8','9','A','B','C','D','E','F' };

// ----------------------------------------------------------------
// Serial Implementation 
// ----------------------------------------------------------------

GPSSerial::GPSSerial(PinName tx /*= GPSTXD*/, PinName rx /*= GPSRXD*/, int baudrate /*= GPSBAUD*/) : 
            Serial(tx, rx, "gps"), _pipe(256)
{
    attach(this, &GPSSerial::serialRxIrq, RxIrq);
    baud(baudrate);
}

GPSSerial::~GPSSerial(void)
{
    attach(NULL, RxIrq);
}

void GPSSerial::serialRxIrq(void)
{
    while (serial_readable(&_serial))
        _pipe.putc(serial_getc(&_serial));
}

int GPSSerial::getMessage(char* buf, int len)
{
    return _getMessage(&_pipe, buf, len);   
}

// ----------------------------------------------------------------
// I2C Implementation 
// ----------------------------------------------------------------

GPSI2C::GPSI2C(PinName sda /*= GPSSDA*/, PinName scl /*= GPSSCL*/) : 
            I2C(sda,scl),
            _pipe(256)
{
    found = false;
}

bool GPSI2C::detect(void)
{
    if (!found)
    {
        int w = I2C::write(GPSADR,&REGSTREAM,sizeof(REGSTREAM));
        if (w == 0)
            found = true;
    }
    return found;
}

int GPSI2C::getMessage(char* buf, int len)
{
    int sz = _get(buf, len);
    if (sz) 
        _pipe.put(buf, sz);
    return _getMessage(&_pipe, buf, len);   
}

int GPSI2C::_get(char* buf, int len)
{
    unsigned char sz[2];
    if (!I2C::write(GPSADR,&REGLEN,sizeof(REGLEN),true) && 
        !I2C::read(GPSADR,(char*)sz,sizeof(sz),true))
    {
        int size = 256 * (int)sz[0] + sz[1];
        if (size > len)
            size = len;
        if (size > 0)
        {
            if (!I2C::read(GPSADR,buf,size))
            {
                found = true;
                return size;
            }
            // error reading data
            found = false;
            return 0;
        }
        else
        {
            found = true;
            // no data -> ok 
        }
    }
    else 
    {
        // error setting address and reading length
        found = false;
    }
    I2C::stop();
    return 0;
}

int GPSI2C::_put(const char* buf, int len)
{
    if (len == 0)
        return 0;
    if (!I2C::write(GPSADR,&REGSTREAM,sizeof(REGSTREAM),true) && 
        !I2C::write(GPSADR,buf,len,false))
    {
        found = true;
        return len;
    }
    found = false;
    return 0;
}

const char GPSI2C::REGLEN    = 0xFD;
const char GPSI2C::REGSTREAM = 0xFF;