Program to transmit strings as Morse code using the CC1200. Useful for amateur radio projects!

Dependencies:   CC1200 SerialStream

This project contains a class (CC1200Morse) to convert text into Morse code that can be transmitted over a CC1200 radio IC, and a test program for this class. This is useful for amateur radio projects which need to broadcast their call sign in order to operate legally, and just a cool demonstration of the flexibility of the CC1200.

How It Works

First, the input string is translated into Morse code using a conversion table. Nearly all ASCII characters contained in the Morse character set are supported. For example, the string "ha" would become " ···· · −". Then, the Morse code is converted into one and zero bits according to the standard Morse timing rules. " ···· · −" then becomes 10101010 00010111 000". Finally, these bits are enqueued into the radio's packet buffer and transmitted. The CC1200 is configured into OOK (On-Off Keying) mode, so a 1 bit is modulated as full transmit power, and a 0 bit is modulated as zero transmit power. The transmission will occur at the speed (specified as the time unit, or the length of a dot) that you configure. Note that the CC1200 does the transmission in the background, so your processor can enqueue up to 128 bytes worth of Morse and then go do other things while it transmits at a human readable speed. You can't enqueue two packets at a time though.

Demo Video

Hardware Setup

This program assumes that a CC1200 radio is connected to your processor's SPI bus. The CC1200's circuit board must be configured for the 900MHz band (though you could also change the frequency in the code to match your boards).

I used a custom circuit board for my testing, but you should also be able to use an Mbed board connected to an CC1200 eval kit to run the program. Make sure to edit the #defines at the top of main.cpp to match the pins that your equipment is plugged into!

Note: License free transmission on the 900MHz band is only legal in Region 2 countries (North and South America). Make sure to follow all local regulations covering radio transmissions!


Jamie Smith

File content as of revision 0:9e9ede3ac523:

// Class allowing you to transmit Morse code using the CC1200 radio


#include <CC1200.h>

class CC1200Morse
	CC1200 & radio;

	// time units at the start and end of the morse message.
	const size_t spaceBefore = 3;
	const size_t spaceAfter = 3;


	CC1200Morse(CC1200 & _radio):

	 * Configure the CC1200 to transmit morse code.
	 * @param band Radio band containing the frequency.
	 * @param radioFrequency Frequency to transmit on.
	 * @param morseTimePeriod Time unit in seconds to use when transmitting.
	 * @param transmitPower Power in dBm to transmit at.  Must be in the CC1200 allowed range.
	 * Dots are one time unit, dashes are three.
	 * 50ms is about the fastest a human can understand, while 125ms is a more reasonable speed.
	 * Specifics are here:,words%20is%207%20time%20units.
	void configure(CC1200::Band band, float radioFrequency, float morseTimePeriod, float transmitPower);

	struct EncodedMorse
		/// Whether this morse data is valid.. If false, it couldn't be encoded due to an error.
		bool valid;

		/// Buffer storing morse data.  Uses memory passed to configure()
		uint8_t const * buffer;

		/// Number of complete bytes and bits used in the data
		size_t byteLen;
		uint8_t bitLen;

		// Number of bytes in the buffer that are at least partially filled.
		size_t totalLength;

	 * Convert ASCII text into characters suitable to be sent over the radio.
	 * Some ASCII characters do not have a morse equivalent, these will be removed.
	 * @param string ASCII string to convert.
	 * @param outputBuffer Buffer to write morse into.  Will be zeroed.
	 * @return Encoded morse data, if there was insufficient space valid will be false.
	EncodedMorse convertToMorse(const char* string, uint8_t * outputBuffer, size_t bufferLen);

	 * Queue this morse code to be transmitted over the radio.
	 * Packets with a total length larger than 128 bytes cannot be transmitted (though this limit
	 * could be worked around).
	 * The packet will be transmitted as soon as the radio is switched to TX state.
	 * If it's already in TX then it will be transmitted immediately.
	 * @param morse
	void transmit(EncodedMorse const & morse);