HTTP and HTTPS example application for Mbed OS 5

Dependencies:   mbed-http

This application demonstrates how to make HTTP and HTTPS requests and parse the response from Mbed OS 5.

It consists of six example applications, which you can select in source/select-demo.h:

Response parsing is done through nodejs/http-parser.

Note: HTTPS requests do not work on targets with less than 128K of RAM due to the size of the TLS handshake. For more background see mbed-http.

To build

  1. If you're using WiFi, specify the credentials in mbed_app.json.
  2. Build the project in the online compiler or using Mbed CLI.
  3. Flash the project to your development board.
  4. Attach a serial monitor to your board to see the debug messages.

Defining the network interface

This application uses the on-board network interface for your board. If you use an external network interface (f.e. a WiFi module) you need to add the driver to this project. Then, open network-helper.h and specify which network driver to use.

More information is in the Mbed OS documentation under IP Networking.

Entropy (or lack thereof)

On all platforms that do not have the TRNG feature, the application is compiled without TLS entropy sources. This means that your code is inherently unsafe and should not be deployed to any production systems. To enable entropy, remove the MBEDTLS_NO_DEFAULT_ENTROPY_SOURCES and MBEDTLS_TEST_NULL_ENTROPY macros from mbed_app.json.

Flash size

Default flash size for HTTPS is very large, as the application is loading the default Mbed TLS configuration. To use a more optimized version, you can disable unused cypher suites and other Mbed TLS features with a custom configuration file. Create a new configuration file, then add in mbed_app.json:

"MBEDTLS_CONFIG_FILE=\"mbedtls_config.h\""

to the macros array.

Running tests

You can run the integration tests from this project via Mbed CLI.

  1. In select-demo.h set the DEMO macro to DEMO_TESTS.
  2. Set your WiFi credentials in mbed_app.json.
  3. Then run the tests via:

$ mbed test -v -n mbed-http-tests-tests-*

Tested on

  • K64F with Ethernet.
  • NUCLEO_F411RE with ESP8266 (not working on Mbed OS 5.12+)
  • ODIN-W2 with WiFi.
  • K64F with Atmel 6LoWPAN shield.
  • DISCO-L475VG-IOT01A with WiFi (requires the wifi-ism43362 driver).

mbedtls_entropy_config.h

Committer:
Jan Jongboom
Date:
21 months ago
Revision:
35:4b847971db1b
Parent:
31:66704f6f17c5

File content as of revision 35:4b847971db1b:

/*
 *  Copyright (C) 2006-2016, ARM Limited, All Rights Reserved
 *  SPDX-License-Identifier: Apache-2.0
 *
 *  Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License"); you may
 *  not use this file except in compliance with the License.
 *  You may obtain a copy of the License at
 *
 *  http://www.apache.org/licenses/LICENSE-2.0
 *
 *  Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
 *  distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS, WITHOUT
 *  WARRANTIES OR CONDITIONS OF ANY KIND, either express or implied.
 *  See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
 *  limitations under the License.
 *
 *  This file is part of mbed TLS (https://tls.mbed.org)
 */

#include "select-demo.h"

/* Enable entropy for devices with TRNG. This means entropy is disabled for all other targets. */
/* Do **NOT** deploy this code in production on other targets! */
/* See https://tls.mbed.org/kb/how-to/add-entropy-sources-to-entropy-pool */
#if defined(DEVICE_TRNG)
#undef MBEDTLS_NO_DEFAULT_ENTROPY_SOURCES
#undef MBEDTLS_TEST_NULL_ENTROPY
#endif