Nanostack Border Router is a generic mbed border router implementation that provides the 6LoWPAN ND or Thread border router initialization logic.

Committer:
mbed_official
Date:
Tue Mar 19 15:02:40 2019 +0000
Revision:
95:930ccc91b349
Parent:
94:0c008659750c
Corrected Wi-SUN certificate length calculation

mbed TLS expects null terminator to be calculated to PEM length.

.
Commit copied from https://github.com/ARMmbed/nanostack-border-router

Who changed what in which revision?

UserRevisionLine numberNew contents of line
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 1 # Nanostack Border Router
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 2
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 3 Nanostack Border Router is a generic mbed border router implementation that provides the 6LoWPAN ND, Thread or Wi-SUN border router initialization logic.
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 4
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 5 Note: Wi-SUN is currently available for partners only.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 6
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 7 Border router is a network gateway between a wireless 6LoWPAN mesh network and a backhaul network. It controls and relays traffic between the two networks. In a typical setup, a 6LoWPAN border router is connected to another router in the backhaul network (over Ethernet or a serial line) which in turn forwards traffic to/from the internet or a private company LAN, for instance.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 8
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 9 ![](images/br_role.png)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 10
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 11 ## Structure
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 12
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 13 This application runs on mbed OS and utilizes PHY drivers and Nanostack to form a border router.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 14
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 15 ![](images/structure.png)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 16
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 17 The code layout is organized like this:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 18
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 19 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 20 configs/ Contains example configuration files
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 21 drivers/ Contains PHY drivers
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 22 mbed-os/ Contains mbed OS itself
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 23 source/ Contains the application code
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 24 mbed_app.json Build time configuration file
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 25 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 26
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 27 ## Building
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 28
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 29 1. Clone this repository.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 30 1. Run `mbed deploy`.
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 31 1. Add connectivity driver, if not provided by Mbed OS
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 32 1. Select target platform.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 33 1. Select toolchain.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 34 1. Configure.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 35 1. Build.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 36
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 37 For example:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 38
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 39 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 40 $ mbed deploy
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 41
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 42 $ mbed target K64F
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 43 OR
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 44 $ mbed target NUCLEO_F429ZI
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 45
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 46 $ mbed toolchain GCC_ARM
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 47
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 48 $ mbed compile
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 49 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 50
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 51 ### Adding connectivity driver
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 52
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 53 This application requires 802.15.4 RF driver to be provided for the networking stack. Driver can be either external, or provided by the Mbed OS.
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 54
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 55 External driver can be added by calling
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 56
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 57 ```
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 58 mbed add <driver>
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 59 ```
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 60 For example STM Spirit1 RF driver is added by calling `mbed add stm-spirit1-rf-driver`
mbed_official 75:ed8b10db9b5a 61
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 62 ## Selecting the target platform
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 63
mbed_official 44:261a58f0aba0 64 The target platform is the hardware on which the border router runs. There are number of target platforms already available for you in the mbed OS.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 65
mbed_official 18:704c4307eb78 66 If you wish to write your own target, follow the instructions in [Adding target support to mbed OS 5](https://docs.mbed.com/docs/mbed-os-handbook/en/latest/advanced/porting_guide/).
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 67
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 68 The border router requires an RF driver to be provided for Nanostack. Currently, there are the following drivers available in the Mbed OS:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 69
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 70 * [Atmel AT86RF233](https://github.com/ARMmbed/atmel-rf-driver)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 71 * [Atmel AT86RF212B](https://github.com/ARMmbed/atmel-rf-driver)
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 72 * [NXP MCR20A](https://github.com/ARMmbed/mcr20a-rf-driver)
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 73 * [STM-s2lp](https://github.com/ARMmbed/mbed-os/tree/master/components/802.15.4_RF)
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 74
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 75 Following external driver can be added as described [above](#adding-connectivity-driver):
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 76
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 77 * [STM Spirit1](https://github.com/ARMmbed/stm-spirit1-rf-driver)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 78
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 79 The backhaul is either SLIP or Ethernet. For Ethernet either an mbed OS "EMAC"
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 80 driver can be used, or a native Nanostack driver. Currently, native Nanostack drivers exists for the following backhauls:
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 81
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 82 * [K64F Ethernet](https://github.com/ARMmbed/sal-nanostack-driver-k64f-eth)
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 83 * [SLIP driver](https://github.com/ARMmbed/sal-stack-nanostack-slip)
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 84
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 85 The existing drivers are found in the `drivers/` folder. More drivers can be linked in.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 86
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 87 See [Notes on different hardware](https://github.com/ARMmbed/mbed-os-example-mesh-minimal/blob/master/Hardware.md) to see known combinations that work.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 88
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 89 ## Configuring Nanostack Border Router
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 90
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 91 Applications using Nanostack Border Router need to use a `.json` file for the configuration. The example configurations can be found in the `configs/` folder.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 92
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 93 ### The backhaul configuration options
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 94
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 95 | Field | Description |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 96 |-------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 97 | `backhaul-dynamic-bootstrap` | Defines whether the manually configured backhaul prefix and default route are used, or whether they are learnt automatically via the IPv6 neighbor discovery. False means static and true means automatic configuration. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 98 | `backhaul-prefix` | The IPv6 prefix (64 bits) assigned to and advertised on the backhaul interface. Example format: `fd00:1:2::` |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 99 | `backhaul-default-route` | The default route (prefix and prefix length) where packets should be forwarded on the backhaul device, default: `::/0`. Example format: `fd00:a1::/10` |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 100 | `backhaul-next-hop` | The next-hop value for the backhaul default route; should be a link-local address of a neighboring router, default: empty (on-link prefix). Example format: `fe80::1` |
mbed_official 22:8740285d8f09 101 | `backhaul-mld` | Enable sending Multicast Listener Discovery reports to backhaul network when a new multicast listener is registered in mesh network. Values: true or false |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 102
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 103 ### 6LoWPAN ND border router options
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 104
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 105 | Field | Description |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 106 |-------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 107 | `security-mode` | The 6LoWPAN mesh network traffic (link layer) can be protected with the Private Shared Key (PSK) security mode, allowed values: `NONE` and `PSK`. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 108 | `psk-key` | A 16-bytes long private shared key to be used when the security mode is PSK. Example format (hexadecimal byte values separated by commas inside brackets): `{0x00, ..., 0x0f}` |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 109 | `multicast-addr` | Multicast forwarding is supported by default. This defines the multicast address to which the border router application forwards multicast packets (on the backhaul and RF interface). Example format: `ff05::5` |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 110 |`ra-router-lifetime`|Defines the router advertisement interval in seconds (default 1024 if left out).|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 111 |`beacon-protocol-id`|Is used to identify beacons. This should not be changed (default 4 if left out).|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 112
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 113 To learn more about 6LoWPAN and the configuration parameters, read the [6LoWPAN overview](https://os.mbed.com/docs/latest/reference/mesh-tech.html).
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 114
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 115 See [configs/6lowpan_Atmel_RF.json](configs/6lowpan_Atmel_RF.json) for an example configuration file.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 116
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 117 #### The routing protocol RPL (6LoWPAN ND)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 118
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 119 Nanostack Border Router uses [RPL](https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc6550) as the routing protocol on the mesh network side (RF interface) when in 6LoWPAN-ND mode. Currently, only the `grounded/non-storing` operation mode is supported.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 120
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 121 Nanostack Border Router offers the following configuration options for RPL:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 122
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 123 | Field | Description |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 124 |-------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 125 | rpl-instance-id | The RPL instance ID value that identifies the RPL instance, default: 1 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 126 | rpl-idoublings | RPL Trickle parameter: DIOIntervalDoublings value, default: 12 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 127 | rpl-imin | RPL Trickle parameter: DIOIntervalMin value, default: 9 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 128 | rpl-k | RPL Trickle parameter: the redundacy constant k, default: 10 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 129 | rpl-max-rank-inc | Maximum rank increase value, default: 2048|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 130 | rpl-min-hop-rank-inc | Minimum rank increase value, default: 128 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 131 | rpl-default-lifetime | Default lifetime for the RPL routes, default: 64 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 132 | rpl-lifetime-unit | The value of the unit that describes the lifetime (in seconds), default: 60 |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 133 | rpl-pcs | The number of bits that may be allocated to the path control field. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 134 | rpl-ocp | The Objective Function (OF) to use, values: 1=OF0 (default), 2=MRHOF |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 135
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 136 ### Thread configuration
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 137
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 138 The Thread-specific parameters are listed below.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 139
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 140 | Field | Description |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 141 |-------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------|
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 142 | `commissioning-dataset-timestamp` | Used for updating the Thread network parameters. The device with the highest value propagates the parameters to the network (in the same Realm-Local scope). |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 143 | `pan-id` | 2-byte Personal Area Network ID. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 144 | `extended-pan-id` | 8-byte value used to identify Thread networks in range. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 145 | `mesh-local-prefix` | ULA prefix used for communication within the Thread network. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 146 | `network-name` | A human-readable name for the network. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 147 | `pskc` | Pre-Shared Key for the Commissioner. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 148 | `pskd` | Pre-Shared Key for the device. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 149 | `thread-master-key` | A key used to derive security material for MAC and MLE protection. |
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 150
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 151 ### Wi-SUN configuration
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 152
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 153 The Wi-SUN -specific parameters are listed below.
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 154
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 155 | Field | Description |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 156 |-------------------------------------|---------------------------------------------------------------|
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 157 | `network-name` | Network name for Wi-SUN the network, MUST be same for all the devices in the network |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 158 | `regulatory-domain` | Defines regulatory domain, refer to [ws_management_api](https://github.com/ARMmbed/mbed-os/blob/master/features/nanostack/sal-stack-nanostack/nanostack/ws_management_api.h) for correct values for your region. |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 159 | `operating-class` | Defines operating class, limited by the regulatory domain |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 160 | `operating-mode` | Defines the operating mode, limited by the regulatory domain |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 161 | `uc-channel-function` | Unicast channel function |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 162 | `bc-channel-function` | Broadcast channel function |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 163 | `uc-fixed-channel` | Fixed channel for unicast |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 164 | `bc-fixed-channel` | Fixed channel for broadcast |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 165 | `uc-dwell-interval` | Unicast dwell interval. Range: 15-255 milliseconds |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 166 | `bc-interval` | Broadcast interval. Duration between broadcast dwell intervals. Range: 0-16777216 milliseconds |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 167 | `bc-dwell-interval` | Broadcast dwell interval. Range: 15-255 milliseconds |
mbed_official 94:0c008659750c 168 | `certificate-header` | Wi-SUN certificate header file |
mbed_official 94:0c008659750c 169 | `root-certificate` | Root certificate |
mbed_official 94:0c008659750c 170 | `own-certificate` | Own certificate |
mbed_official 94:0c008659750c 171 | `own-certificate-key` | Own certificate's key |
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 172
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 173 Regulatory domain, operating class and operating mode are defined in the Wi-SUN PHY-specification.
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 174
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 175
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 176 For the Thread Border Router, there are example configuration files for `SLIP` and `ETH` backhaul connectivity:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 177
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 178 * [configs/Thread_Atmel_RF.json](configs/Thread_Atmel_RF.json)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 179 * [configs/Thread_SLIP_Atmel_RF.json](configs/Thread_SLIP_Atmel_RF.json)
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 180
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 181 The [mbedtls_thread_config.h](source/mbedtls_thread_config.h) file configures mbed TLS for Thread use.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 182
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 183 <span class="notes">**Note:** The configuration examples are for testing purposes only; do not use them for production or expose them.</span>
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 184
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 185
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 186 #### Backhaul connectivity
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 187
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 188 The Nanostack border router application can be connected to a backhaul network. This enables you to connect the devices in a 6LoWPAN mesh network to the internet or a private LAN. Currently, the application supports SLIP (IPv6 encapsulation over a serial line) and Ethernet backhaul connectivity.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 189
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 190 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 191 "config": {
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 192 "backhaul-driver": {
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 193 "help": "options are ETH, SLIP, EMAC",
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 194 "value": "EMAC"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 195 },
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 196 "backhaul-mac-src": {
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 197 "help": "Where to get EUI48 address. Options are BOARD, CONFIG",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 198 "value": "BOARD"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 199 },
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 200 "backhaul-mac": "{0x02, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x01}",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 201 "backhaul-dynamic-bootstrap": true,
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 202 "backhaul-prefix": "\"fd00:300::\"",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 203 "backhaul-next-hop": "\"fe80::1\"",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 204 "backhaul-default-route": "\"::/0\"",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 205 .............
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 206 }
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 207 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 208
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 209 You can select your preferred option through the configuration file (field `backhaul-driver` in the `config` section). The value `SLIP` includes the SLIP driver, while the value `ETH` compiles the border router application with Nanostack native Ethernet backhaul support. `EMAC` uses the board's default mbed OS network driver, which must be EMAC-based (derived from EMACInterface).
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 210
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 211 You can define the MAC address on the backhaul interface manually (field `backhaul-mac-src` value `CONFIG`). Alternatively, you can use the MAC address provided by the development board (field `backhaul-mac-src` value `BOARD`). By default, the backhaul driver is set to `EMAC` and the MAC address source is `BOARD`.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 212
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 213 You can also set the backhaul bootstrap mode (field `backhaul-dynamic-bootstrap`). By default, the bootstrap mode is set to true, which means the autonomous mode. With the autonomous mode, the border router learns the prefix information automatically from an IPv6 gateway in the Ethernet/SLIP segment. When the parameter is set to false, it enables you to set up a manual configuration of `backhaul-prefix` and `backhaul-default-route`.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 214
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 215 If you use the static bootstrap mode, you need to configure a default route on the backhaul interface to properly forward packets between the backhaul and the 6LoWPAN mesh network. In addition to this, you need to set a backhaul prefix. The static mode creates a site-local IPv6 network from which packets cannot be routed outside.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 216
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 217 When using the autonomous mode in the 6LoWPAN ND configuration, you can set the `prefix-from-backhaul` option to `true` to use the same backhaul prefix on the mesh network side as well. This allows the mesh nodes to be directly connectable from the outside of the mesh network. In the Thread network, it is enough that `backhaul-dynamic-bootstrap` is set to true.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 218
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 219
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 220 #### Note on the SLIP backhaul driver
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 221
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 222 If you are using a K64F board, you need to use the UART1 serial line of the board with the SLIP driver. See the `pins` section in the [mbed_app.json](./mbed_app.json) configuration file. To use a different UART line, replace the `SERIAL_TX` and `SERIAL_RX` values with correct TX/RX pin names.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 223
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 224 If you wish to use the hardware flow control, set the configuration field `slip_hw_flow_control` to true. By default, it is set to false. Before using hardware flow control, make sure that the other end of your SLIP interface can handle the flow control.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 225
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 226 For the pin names of your desired UART line, refer to your development board's documentation.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 227
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 228 An example configuration for the SLIP driver:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 229
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 230 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 231 "target_overrides": {
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 232 "K64F": {
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 233 "SERIAL_TX": "PTE0",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 234 "SERIAL_RX": "PTE1",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 235 "SERIAL_CTS": "PTE2",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 236 "SERIAL_RTS": "PTE3"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 237 }
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 238 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 239
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 240 #### Note on EMAC backhaul
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 241
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 242 When `backhaul_driver` is set to `EMAC`, the border router will use the target's default network driver, as supplied by `NetworkInterface::get_default_instance`. This must be EMAC-based, derived from EMACInterface. If it is the same driver that a default-constructed `EthernetInterface` would use, so in principle it should work on any board where `EthernetInterface` works.
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 243
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 244 To use a different interface, change the setting of `target.default-network-interface-type` in `mbed_app.json` to point to a different interface type, or add an overriding definition of `NetworkInterface::get_default_instance` to the application - this will override any default supplied by the target board.
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 245
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 246 To use Wi-Fi or other more complex EMAC drivers, necessary configuration parameters must be supplied, either via `mbed_app.json` or configuration in the `NetworkInterface::get_default_instance` override. Also, the driver must follow the guidelines of `EMACInterface` - the border router does not call the `EMACInterface`'s `connect` method, so the driver must work with only a `powerup` call to the `EMAC`.
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 247
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 248 ### Switching the RF shield
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 249
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 250 By default, the application uses an Atmel AT86RF233/212B RF driver. You can alternatively use any RF driver provided in the `drivers/` folder or link in your own driver. You can set the configuration for the RF driver in the `json` file.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 251
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 252 To select the Atmel radio shield, use the following:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 253
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 254 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 255 "radio-type":{
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 256 "help": "options are ATMEL, MCR20, SPIRIT1, S2LP",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 257 "value": "ATMEL"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 258 },
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 259 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 260
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 261 To select the NXP radio shield, use the following:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 262
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 263 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 264 "radio-type":{
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 265 "help": "options are ATMEL, MCR20, SPIRIT1, S2LP",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 266 "value": "MCR20"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 267 },
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 268 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 269
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 270 To select the STM Spirit1 radio shield, use the following:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 271
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 272 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 273 "radio-type":{
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 274 "help": "options are ATMEL, MCR20, SPIRIT1, S2LP",
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 275 "value": "SPIRIT1"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 276 },
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 277 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 278
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 279 To select the STM S2LP radio shield, use the following:
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 280 ```
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 281 "radio-type":{
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 282 "help": "options are ATMEL, MCR20, SPIRIT1, S2LP",
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 283 "value": "S2LP"
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 284 },
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 285 ```
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 286
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 287 In case you have choosen the STM Spirit1 Sub-1 GHz RF expansion board [X-NUCLEO-IDS01A4](https://github.com/ARMmbed/stm-spirit1-rf-driver), you need also to configure its MAC address in the `mbed_app.json` file, for example:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 288
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 289 ```json
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 290 "target_overrides": {
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 291 "*": {
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 292 "spirit1.mac-address": "{0xf0, 0xf1, 0xf2, 0xf3, 0xf4, 0xf5, 0xf6, 0xf7}"
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 293 },
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 294 }
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 295 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 296
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 297 <span class="notes">**Note**: This MAC address must be unique within the 6LoWPAN mesh network.</span>
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 298
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 299 After changing the radio shield, you need to recompile the application.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 300
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 301 #### Wi-SUN RF shield
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 302
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 303 Currently there is only one radio shield with a support for Wi-SUN, the STM S2LP radio shield.
mbed_official 90:74901a61be61 304
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 305 ## File system support
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 306
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 307 The Application can enable use of file system as instructed in [mbed OS storage documentation](https://os.mbed.com/docs/latest/reference/storage.html). File system is not enabled by default due variety of possible configurations.
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 308
mbed_official 85:7f1b82a282d7 309 Thread network stack is able to write/read network configuration settings to/from file system once the feature is activated. Activation happens by telling file system root path to Nanostack. To set the root-path, use function:
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 310
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 311 `ns_file_system_set_root_path(root-path)`
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 312
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 313 Once the root-path is set, Thread stack will read configuration settings from the file system and write configuration back to file system once configuration is changed.
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 314
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 315
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 316 ## Running the border router application
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 317
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 318 1. Find the binary file `nanostack-border-router.bin` in the `BUILD` folder.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 319 2. Copy the binary to the USB mass storage root of the development board. It is automatically flashed to the target MCU. When the flashing is complete, the board restarts itself. Press the **Reset** button of the development board if it does not restart automatically.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 320 3. The program begins execution.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 321 4. Open the [serial connection](#serial-connection-settings), for example PuTTY.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 322
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 323 ## Serial connection settings
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 324
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 325 Serial connection settings for the Nanorouter are as follows:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 326
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 327 * Baud-rate = 115200
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 328 * Data bits = 8
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 329 * Stop bits = 1
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 330
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 331 If there is no input from the serial terminal, press the **Reset** button of the development board.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 332
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 333 In the PuTTY main screen, save the session and click **Open**. This opens a console window showing debug messages from the application. If the console screen is blank, you may need to press the **Reset** button of the board to see the debug information. The serial output from the 6LoWPAN border router looks something like this in the console:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 334
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 335 ```
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 336 [INFO][app ]: Starting Nanostack border router...
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 337 [INFO][brro]: NET_IPV6_BOOTSTRAP_AUTONOMOUS
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 338 [INFO][app ]: Using ETH backhaul driver...
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 339 [INFO][Eth ]: Ethernet cable is connected.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 340 [INFO][addr]: Tentative Address added to IF 1: fe80::ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 341 [INFO][addr]: DAD passed on IF 1: fe80::ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 342 [INFO][addr]: Tentative Address added to IF 1: 2001:999:21:9ce:ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 343 [INFO][addr]: DAD passed on IF 1: 2001:999:21:9ce:ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 344 [INFO][brro]: Backhaul bootstrap ready, IPv6 = 2001:999:21:9ce:ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 345 [INFO][brro]: Backhaul interface addresses:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 346 [INFO][brro]: [0] fe80::ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 347 [INFO][brro]: [1] 2001:999:21:9ce:ac41:dcff:fe37:72c4
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 348 [INFO][addr]: Address added to IF 0: fe80::ff:fe00:face
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 349 [INFO][br ]: BR nwk base ready for start
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 350 [INFO][br ]: Refresh Contexts
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 351 [INFO][br ]: Refresh Prefixs
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 352 [INFO][addr]: Address added to IF 0: 2001:999:21:9ce:0:ff:fe00:face
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 353 [INFO][addr]: Address added to IF 0: fe80::fec2:3d00:4:a0cd
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 354 [INFO][brro]: RF bootstrap ready, IPv6 = 2001:999:21:9ce:0:ff:fe00:face
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 355 [INFO][brro]: RF interface addresses:
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 356 [INFO][brro]: [0] fe80::ff:fe00:face
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 357 [INFO][brro]: [1] fe80::fec2:3d00:4:a0cd
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 358 [INFO][brro]: [2] 2001:999:21:9ce:0:ff:fe00:face
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 359 [INFO][brro]: 6LoWPAN Border Router Bootstrap Complete.
mbed_official 0:85f4174a8e29 360 ```
mbed_official 65:92e581c01e8c 361